What's new in the scientific world
Scientists have found a way to turn solar energy into hydrogen for fuel cells
For the first time ever, scientists have been able to develop a single molecule that can turn photons in solar rays into hydrogen. This hydrogen could then be used to power fuel cells, giving us a new more efficient way to produce clean energy. Scientists still have to figure out a way to make this process and cheaper and more widely available.
solar power water electricity clean-energy hydrogen hydrogen-fuel-cells alternative-energyFuelCellWorks
US researchers warn sex dolls may damage mental health
Dr. Christine Hendren of Duke University has joined a growing group of US researchers expressing alarm at the rapidly growing realistic sex robot industry, with companies like RealRobotix offering the Harmony robot, which uses AI to learn the user's behaviors and preferences. Researchers warn that the use of sex dolls as surrogates for real human relationships may cause irreparable psychological damage to users of the dolls.
ai behavior mental-health industry psychological preference sex-doll realrobotix damageBBC
Scientists warn new satellite networks could hamper space observation
Astronomers at The International Astronomical Union have issued an official warning saying that the large number of satellite networks currently being built in the Earth's orbit by companies such as Starlink, will produce a large amount of light pollution. This excess light could make seeing the stars and space via telescopes much harder.
space pollution astronomy light satellites light-pollutionTechCrunch
Scientists discover a mysterious ancient human population
A research technique pioneered by scientists at UCLA has used computer modeling techniques on modern human DNA to discover a mysterious ancient human population that, much like the Neanderthals and Denisovans, is thought to have interbred with modern humans before dying out, with anywhere from 2 to 19 percent of DNA in modern West Africans belonging to this mysterious and unnamed hominin ancestor.
human scientist computer dna ucla modeling modern denisovans neanderthals ancestor homininCNN
The UK might ban cannabis products by next year
Emily Miles, chief of the UK's Food Standards Agency, has stated that oils, snacks, and drinks containing cannabis may be taken off the shelves as soon as next year since none of the products currently available have been tested for harmful effects, and some may contain harmful ingredients or illegal amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis.
ban cannabis emily-miles food-standards-agency oils snacks drinks thc tetrahydrocannabinol psychoactiveBBC
NASA is hiring its next class of Artemis Generation astronauts
NASA plans to reach the South Pole of the moon by 2024 and for that, the agency will be accepting applications for its next class of astronauts from March 2. Its next class of Artemis Generation astronauts will be a part of the agency's exploration efforts to eventually send people to Mars by mid-2030s
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NASA says returning to the moon will cost $35b
A recent press release by NASA responded to US Vice President Mike Pence's stipulation that NASA should send astronauts to the moon once again by 2024, stating that the mission, called the Artemis Program, will cost an estimated 35 billion USD in addition to NASA's current budget, to design a Human Landing System to deploy astronauts safely onto the lunar surface.
nasa budget united-states vice-president astronaut program lunar mike-pence artemis human-landing-systemArsTechnica
Scientists to get first-ever images of Sun's north and south poles with a new orbiter
NASA and the European Space Agency have collaborated to build and launch a new satellite that has been specifically designed to orbit the sun. The orbiter will use six different instruments to collect data and images of the sun's north and south poles. This will give scientists a better idea of how the sun's magnetic field works.
nasa space science sun star solar-orbiterCNN
Scientists find an incredible new way to fight viruses using sugar
Swiss and British researchers have modified sugar molecules so that they destroy viruses upon contact. This could be very useful in fighting new emerging viruses such as the deadly coronavirus. No current medication is capable of destroying a virus, only slowing it down and this new technique seems to work regardless of what virus it is used on.
science health illness virus coronavirus sugarSwissInfo
A record-breaking stay at the International Space Station
US astronaut Christina Koch has broken the record for the longest stay at the international space station by a woman and will soon return to Earth. Her stay on the station will provide scientists with important data regarding how long term space travel impacts the female body. This will help them build a permanent space station on the moon in the future.
nasa international-space-station space-tourism astronaut commercial-space-travel space-station podReuters
Revolutionary new peanut allergy treatment received FDA approval
The Federal Drug Administration has approved, for the first time, a treatment developed by biopharmaceutical company Aimmune Therapeutics from California, which has shown tremendous promise in alleviating peanut allergies in children and adolescents, with almost two-thirds of 372 children showing tolerance for the small amounts of peanut protein in two peanuts.
california tolerance drug company protein peanut allergy aimmune therapeutics approve fdaScienceNews
Scientists baffled by new climate model predictions
Scientists have been inputting global data into large simulations of the Earth's climate for some time and up until this point they had all agreed on how much pollution it would take to raise the planet's temperature by 3 degrees. Recently however different models have begun predicting a five-degree increase for the same amount of pollution. Meaning it will take much less pollution to destroy the planet than previously thought.
science climate-change global-warming climate-models predictionBNNBloomberg
Research shows Coronavirus uses the same mechanism as SARS
A report published in Nature has provided the first direct evidence for the hypothesis that the Wuhan Coronavirus, dubbed 2019-nCoV, infects cells through the same mechanism as the virus that causes a severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS. Both rely on the ACE2 enzyme to enter and infect living cells, leading researchers to suggest that both viruses may have originated in bats.
research nature syndrome coronavirus sars wuhan mechanism bats ace2 enzyme infect 2019-ncov respiratoryScienceNews
Experts challenge US policies to curb Coronavirus spread
The US government recently implemented measures to contain the spread of Coronavirus in the country, imposing travel restrictions and mandatory quarantines for suspected victims, but experts are challenging the effectiveness of these policies, stating that the virus is sometimes asymptomatic and may be spread by travelers who cannot be screened at airports, since they show no signs of infection.
travel government policy airport united-states restriction victim infection coronavirus quarantine asymptomaticScienceNews
Groundbreaking experiment cools particle to the quantum limit
An experiment designed by Markus Aspelmeyer and his team of researchers at the University of Vienna has successfully cooled a nanoparticle to the quantum cooling limit, reaching the particle's ground state at a minimum temperature of twelve millionths of a Kelvin, through the precise use of an array of lasers to levitate the particle in a specially constructed cavity.
quantum university experiment temperature vienna limit cooling particle nanoparticle kelvin cavity levitate laserScienceNews
330 million year old shark head found in worlds longest cave system
Scientists have found a 330 million-year-old shark head in a cave in Kentucky. The head was huge and scientists estimated the shark was around the size of a modern great white shark. The scientists have said that the cave system is rich in fossils and still needs to be properly explored.
science cave fossil kentucky sharkCBSNews
Drug developed by AI gets first human trials
An artificial intelligence created by a collaboration between British firm Exscientia and Japanese pharmaceutical company Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma has developed a drug that is going to enter the first phase of human trials in Japan. The drug is a treatment for those suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and while human-engineered drugs take up to five years to develop, the AI took only a year to engineer the medicine.
uk japan ai trial british drug human pharmaceutical artificial-intelligence exscientia sumitomo-dainippon ocd obsessive-compulsive-disorderBBC
New solar telescope looks at Sun in more detail than ever before
Researchers at the National Science Foundation's Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope on Mount Haleakala in Hawaii aimed the unfinished 4-meter-wide telescope at the Sun, capturing pictures of the star in greater detail than ever before. Researchers hope the new telescope will help build a better understanding for why the Sun's atmosphere is millions of degrees hotter than its surface.
science solar national sun united-states hawaii foundation telescope inouye haleakala atmosphere surfaceScienceNews
Scientists find lungs repair themselves once someone quits smoking
Scientists have found that once someone quits smoking, their lungs automatically begin repairing themselves, fixing all the cells that have the potential to be cancerous. Thus those who quit can very quickly reduce their risk of lung cancer from the very day they decide to quit. Scientists are still unclear as to exactly how this process takes place.
science health cancer biology smoking lungs lung-cancer cigarette tar nicotineBBC
NASA to decommission Spitzer telescope after 16 years of service
The Spitzer Space Telescope was launched in 2003 and has long outlived its mission, collecting valuable data for NASA for over 16 years. Spitzer will officially be decommissioned on January 30 2020, with its last image being an infrared photograph of the Tarantula Nebula, so named due to the fingers of gas which protrude from the nebula like spider legs, which was also its the first picture it ever took.
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Scientists recreate coronavirus in a lab for the first time
Australian scientists were able to recreate the coronavirus in a lab, making another step towards developing a vaccine or cure for the virus. This is the first time the illness was recreated outside of China and will allow scientists to fully test any potential cures and compare their effectiveness.
australia china health disease illness virus contagious coronavirus quarantineReuters
New technique produces graphene flakes from waste material
A technique has recently been developed at Rice University's James Tour lab by graduate student Duy Luong, which allows waste coal, food and plastic to be transformed into graphene flakes in a 'flash' reaction, reducing carbon dioxide by-products and providing researchers with a new cheap method for producing large amounts of graphene for compositing with concrete, cars, clothing, etc.
plastic university student coal food waste graphene rice james-tour lab graduate guy-luong flake carbon-dioxide bulkScienceDaily
Research finds key protein signal for concussions
A research headed by neuropsychologist Michael McCrea at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee has found that testing for elevated levels of three proteins in the blood may be used to find concussions. The research drew blood samples from 264 college athletes from various sports before and after they suffered concussions, and found elevated levels of three proteins in their blood after the injury.
injury college blood medical neuropsychologist michael-mcrea wisconsin milwaukee protein concussion signal athleteScienceNews
New quantum computation method capable of solving an enormous amount of problems
A new improvement to quantum computation methods has expanded the range of solutions that can be verified by quantum computers to include an enormous number of new problems, including those that can never be verified by classical computers. While the study is still in peer review, researchers agree with the robustness of its methodology and expect it to survive more thorough testing.
quantum computer peer computation solution verify classical review methodologyScienceNews
Scientists recreate mummy's voice with 3D-printed vocal tract
Researchers used 3D scans of a 3000-year-old ancient Egyptian mummy, of a priest named Nesyamun who served under Pharaoh Ramses XI, to produce 3D prints of the mummy's vocal tracts, allowing them to recreate the voice of the ancient priest. The vocal tract organ has allowed scientists to investigate vowel sounds and inflections in the ancient Egyptian language.
research egypt mummy ancient language priest nesyamun ramses-xi pharaoh 3d-print vocal-tract organ vowelCnet